- Promoting the Mediterranean diet.
- Enhancing agro-ecological practices.
- Improving food safety and quality.
- Increasing access to food.
The FAO has recently launched a Report entitled "Aperçu régional de l'insécurité alimentaire au Proche-Orient et en Afrique du Nord" (Regional overview of food insecurity on the Near-East and North Africa) to sound the alarm on malnutrion in this region.
Abdessalam Ould Ahmed, Deputy-Director and Representative of the FAO Regional Office for the Near-East and North Africa states that " the region is currently facing unprecedented challenges in terms of food security, due to several risks related to conflit, water scarcity and climate change. The countries of the region must implement a sustainable and integrated sustainable water management with the aim of reaching the Sustainable Development Goal consisting of eradicating hunger by 2030".
The International Food Policy Research Institute has recently published the Global Food Report 2017, a review of major developments in food and nutrition policy around the globe, featuring an in-depth look at the impact of rapide urbanisation.
Chapter 1: Food security and Nutrition in an Urbanizing World
Chapter 2: Smallholders and Urbanization
Chapter 3: Growing Cities, New Challenges
Chapter 4: Urbanization and the Nutrition Transition
Chapter 5: How Cities Reshape Food Systems
Chapter 6: Informal Food Markets in Africa's Cities
This report has been jointly published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The 2017 edition marks the beginning of a new era in monitoring efforts to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report will henceforth monitor progress towards the targets on both ending hunger (SDG Target 2.1) and ending all forms of malnutrition (SDG Target 2.2). It will also include analyses of how food security and nutrition are related to progress on other SDG targets.
Annual publication providing political, economic, social and cultural insights into the Mediterranean agenda from different perspectives. For its 2015 edition, in the section devoted to Strategic sectors, economy and territory, the IEMed published an article written by Cosimo Lacirignola, Secretary General of the CIHEAM, entitled:
"Struggling against Food Wast in the Mediterranean Region to Strengthen Food Security"
"In the vast debate on food security, the issues of food loss and food waste have become central. Whereas many concerns exist regarding the evolution of the supply and demand for agricultural products in the coming years, the struggle against losses and waste is turning out to be one of the main levers to pull in attempting to reduce food insecurity in the world. Such an issue also affects the Mediterranean Basin. All the countries in this region are facing the following difficulty: they need to produce more with fewer resources and thus use resources more sparingly."
This publication presents selected key indicators related to agriculture and food security that the international community, governments, the private sector and civil society can use to assess current trends and prioritize their actions. It is divided into two main sections, one thematic and one country-specific. It presents a variety of dimensions of agriculture and food security along four main focus areas:
- The setting measures the state of the agricultural resource base by assessing the supply of land, labour, capital and inputs, and examining the pressure on the world food system stemming from demographic and macroeconomic change.
- Hunger dimensions gauges the state of food insecurity and malnutrition, and highlights the four dimensions – availability, access, stability and utilization – that determine the scale of hunger and the shape of undernourishment.
- Food supply evaluates the past and present productive capacity of world agriculture, together with the role of trade, in meeting the world’s demand for food, feed and other products.
- Environment examines the sustainability of agriculture in the context of the pressure it exerts on its ecological surroundings, including the interaction of agriculture with climate change
The Near East and North Africa region includes 19 countries that share a common cultural heritage but are very distinct from one another in their levels of development, their resource endowments and their potential for food and agricultural production. There are extremes of wealth and poverty among these countries. However, they are all addressing a common set of problems and challenges that could threaten their development prospects. The Report is divided into four thematic parts, in an attempt to present the full spectrum of issues relevant to the subject matter: