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Today, migratory phenomena are an essential part of political agendas. Little known, their effects on territories of origin and destination have an impact on the socio-economic balance in an already preoccupying climate context.
As a major component of population movements, migration from countryside to cities is a strategy to improve household living conditions thanks to migrants’ tangible and intangible transfers and is a lever for local development. However, it also undermines the attractiveness of rural territories, especially for younger people. Besides, it deprives them of the human resources required for the agricultural and agro-food sectors.

At a time when food crises are resurging and natural resource tensions in the Afro-Mediterranean region are worsening, migration may also weaken food and water security of the poorest regions.

What have been, and what are, the migratory trends in the Mediterranean? How can internal and international mobility be integrated as a territorial development factor? How can youth and female migration be addressed? What are the links between migration and the environment? What roles do innovation and the private sector play? What answers can be provided by actors of cooperation and development?
Co-directed by the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) and the Agence française de développement (AFD), the new edition of the Mediterra report gives the floor to experts and partner institutions to better understand this complex theme, and identify sustainable solutions.

English version

Table of contents






Chap 1/ Migration to and from Mediterranean Countries


Chap 2/ Overview of Internal Migration in the Mediterranean


Focus 1 The Grdr "migration-citizenship-development"


Chap 3/ West African Migration to Mediterranean Countries and Agricultural Work


Chap 4/ Migration Agriculture and Rural Territories in the Mediterranean


Focus 2 The "Agricultural and Livestock Support for Syrian People" Programme led by the CIHEAM-Bari


Chap 5/ Rural Development and Migration: An Environmental Dimension


Chap 6/ Fishing and Fishing Communities


Chap 7/ Youth Migration from Rural Areas in the Mediterranean


Focus 3 How Social Entrepreneurs Transform the Journey of Migrants


Chap 8/ Rural Under-Development and Internal Migration


Chap  9/ Gender and Climate-Induced Migration in the Mediterranean


Focus 4 Unaccompanied Minors, Different Realities and Support Methods


Chap 10/ Innovation at the Service of the Prevention of and Adaptation to Migration


Focus 5 The Role of ICT in Regufee Empowerment


Chap 11/ The Euro-Mediterranean Process and the Root Causes of Migration


Chap 12/ Migration, Asylum: The Role of Development Agencies


Chap 13/ Mobilisation of Syrian Investors and the Private Sector


Focus 6 Refugee Assistance Through Financial Inclusion


Forum on Agriculture, Rural Development and Migration in the Mediterranean (29 May 2018)


Table of documents